Materialize CSS Overview

source: http://materializecss.com

Materialize is a CSS framework creating by Google in order to “provide familiar visual cues” using “components such as grids, typography, color and imagery” for “a sense of hierarchy, meaning and focus”.

#1. CSS

COLOR

To apply a background color, just add the color name and light/darkness as a class to the element

<div class="card-panel teal lighten-2">This is a card panel with a teal lighten-2 class</div>

To apply a text color, just append -text to the color class <div class="card-panel"> This is a card panel with dark blue text </div>

Extend the default classes using SCSS .ilike-blue-container { @extend .blue, .lighten-4; }

GRID

  • standard 12 column fluid responsive grid system
  • .container class is centered and ~70% of the window width
  • .row classes contain .col classes
  • .col classes have additional classes to specify a screen category and the number of columns (out of 12) to take up
    • e.g. “col s12” takes up 12 cols on small+ screens (all screens)
    • “col s12 m6” takes up 12 cols on small screens (mobile) and 6 cols on screens > small
  • .section classes have vertical padding and are meant for organizing large sections of content
  • .divider creates a full-width horizontal line for visual separation of content

HELPERS

  • .valign-wrapper to hold vertically-aligned .valign elements
  • .left-align .right-align and .center-align for text
  • .left and .right for floating
  • .hide, .{hide show}-on-{small med large}-only, .{hide show}-on-{med-and-down med-and-up}
  • .truncate automatically truncates text and appends an ellipsis

MEDIA

  • .responsive-img to make images resize responsively
  • .circle for circular images
  • .video-container holds responsive video embeds
  • .no-controls.video-container for videos w/o controls
  • .responsive-video on video elems to make them responsive

SASS

  • change color scheme in _variables.scss
  • @media #{ “$small $medium $large”-and-“up down” } e.g. @media #{$small-and-down}
  • @include transition(.3s) will output:
    • -webkit-transition: 0.3s;
    • -moz-transition: 0.3s;
    • -o-transition: 0.3s;
    • -ms-transition: 0.3s;
    • transition: 0.3s;

+View all mixins

  • animation($args)
  • animation-delay($delay)
  • animation-direction($direction)
  • animation-duration($duration)
  • animation-fill-mode($mode)
  • animation-iteration-count($count)
  • animation-name($name)
  • animation-play-state($state)
  • animation-timing-function($function)
  • background-size($args)
  • border-radius($args)
  • box-shadow($args)</br> - inner-shadow($args)
  • box-sizing($args)</br> - border-box()</br> - content-box()
  • columns($args)</br> - column-count($count)</br> - column-gap($gap)</br> - column-rule($args)</br> - column-width($width)
  • gradient($default,$start,$stop)</br> - linear-gradient-top($default,$color1,$stop1,$color2,$stop2,[$color3,$stop3,$color4,$stop4])</br> - linear-gradient-left($default,$color1,$stop1,$color2,$stop2,[$color3,$stop3,$color4,$stop4])
  • opacity($factor)
  • transform($args)</br> - transform-origin($args)</br> - transform-style($style)</br> - rotate($deg)</br> - scale($factor)</br> - translate($x,$y)</br> - translate3d($x,$y,$z)</br> - translateHardware($x,$y)
  • text-shadow($args)
  • transition($args)</br> - transition-delay($delay)</br> - transition-duration($duration)</br> - transition-property($property)</br> - transition-timing-function($function)

SHADOW

  • In material design, everything should have a certain z-depth that determines how far raised or close to the page the element is
  • .z-depth-2
  • @extend .z-depth-2 Materialize Shadows

TABLE

  • tables are styled by default
  • .bordered will add borders to a table
  • .striped will add zebra stripes to the table
  • .hoverable will add hover states to table rows
  • .centered to center all cols
  • .responsive-table will make the table horizontally scrollable on smaller devices

TYPOGRAPHY

  • Google Roboto is used by default
  • Change the font stack by modifying “font-family” for the “html” element Materialize font weights
  • .flow-text containers resize their text based on screen size

#2. COMPONENTS

  • Collections are list items
  • Buttons have different states, sizes, positions, icons and flatness
  • Cards:
    • a convenient means of displaying content composed of different types of objects
    • well-suited for presenting similar objects whose size or supported actions can vary considerably, like photos with captions of variable length
    • different sizes
    • image cards
    • reveal cards
  • Footer:
    • sticky footer is supported
    • the following css will provide a sticky footer, where the page is organized into 3 main elems, <body>
      <footer>:

    body { display: flex; min-height: 100vh; flex-direction: column; }

    main { flex: 1 0 auto; }